Weapons Good

Youth Foil

The youth class focuses on the traditional school of French foil. The French foil serves as an excellent tool for developing good form, proper judgement, strength, agility, grace of carriage, fine etiquette and respect for oneself as well as others. As students develop a level of control with the foil, they will begin training with additional fencing weapons: Cane, sabre and poignard.
The age range for this class is 7 to 14 years.

Adult Foil

French Foil (Fleuret)
Initially, the French foil was crafted as the practice tool for the small-sword and by the early 19th Century was viewed as the training tool for the dueling sword (épée de combat). However, during the course of the 1800’s the practice of foil continued to develop beyond simply preparation for dueling weapons but became further refined as an art unto itself. This led to an exacting focus being placed on the perfection of form, grace of carriage, flawless accuracy and genius of execution.
As the great 19th Century French fencing master, Louis Rondelle, wrote, “A classical fencer is supposed to be one who observes a fine position, whose attacks are fully developed, whose hits are marvelously accurate, his parries firm and his ripostes executed with precision. One must not forget that this regularity is not possible unless the adversary is a party to it. It is a conventional bout, which consists of parries, attacks, and returns, all rhyming together.”
The precision of the French school of foil serves in developing good form, proper judgment, graceful movements, self-control and fine etiquette; all important qualities that build a strong and necessary foundation for the study of other fencing weapons, both classical and historical.
Salle Saint-Georges’ method of French foil was developed by the late Maître d'Armes Frederick Rhodes and continues to be taught through the Martinez Academy of Arms in New York.
Italian Foil (Fiorreto)
In contrast to the French school, the Italian school of fencing was not under direct control of a single academy. There existed many different regional variants during the classical era. These schools may be generally divided into northern and southern.
The primary Italian foil taught at our salle is a northern Italian system, which includes techniques derived from the teachings of Aurelio Greco systematized to follow Maître d'Armes Frederick Rhodes’ method.

Dueling Sword

French Dueling Sword (Épée)
In the last quarter of the 19th century some masters believed that training with the foil had become overly academic, much to the detriment of those called to the dueling ground. A new approach thus developed to rectify this problem. Many aspects of rapier and early small-sword fencing of the 17th century were revived and infused into this new system. The guard position was more upright with the arm and blade held more extended placing the blade in a more horizontal plane. The dueling sword had now adopted a larger cup-shaped guard although still mounted with a triangular cross-section blade.
Italian Dueling Sword (Spada)
Maestri Agesilao and Aurelio Greco, after investigating the French dueling sword system, subsequently developed a uniquely Italian approach to fencing with dueling sword. Maestri Greco also designed and created a new type of Italian dueling sword with an offset perforation on the cup-hilt fitted with a triangular cross-section blade similar to the French, but maintaining the traditional ricasso, as all traditional Italian blades had possessed.
The Italian dueling sword taught is firmly grounded in the system created by Aurelio Greco.
*Prerequisites: Foil


Italian Dueling Sabre (Sciabola di Terreno)
The Italian school of sabre is based on the dueling sabre, not the military sabre. Its foundation is the study and practice of the molinelli, which are types of circular cuts. There are two schools, which may be generally divided, into northern and southern. The southern school emphasizes the execution of the molinelli, with the wrist as the axis of rotation, while the northern school emphasizes the elbow as its axis. As is typical of the Italian schools, the guard position is relatively low.
The sabre taught is the northern system that adheres to the teachings of its founder Maestro Giuseppe Radaelli and his pupil Maestro Luigi Barbasetti.
*Prerequisites: Foil & Épée


Cane Fencing (Contre-Pointe)    

The method of stick fencing taught at Salle Saint-Georges was designed by Maestro Acosta-Martinez to build a student's understanding and physical application of fencing principles: proper form, distance, timing, angulation and self-control. This method serves as an excellent foundation to pursue the study of other fencing weapons, cane defense, dagger or additional defensive arts.


The Small-sword was a French refinement of the Italian rapier. Disposing of the use of the edge for cuts, the weapon was refined for the thrust. During the 18th Century, the French school along with the weapon design itself began influencing the Spanish, Italian and German schools.

French Small-Sword (Épée)
The French masters with the use of the small-sword were advocating a new manner of holding and manipulating the weapon, different from the earlier Italian fashion. While The French school derived the majority of its technique from the Italian school, this new manner of manipulating the sword effectively allowed the French school to further evolve its own theory and method.  This practice fueled a demand for shorter and lighter weapons. A strong focus was placed on the nimble and delicate manipulation of the small-sword with one’s fingers, which the French referred to as doigté.
Fencing, as with many arts of the 18th Century under the influence of the French court, became highly refined and codified. While a level of grace and good form had always been crucial elements in fencing arts, the French strived for a greater level of exactness and precision in both form and execution. Proper posture, graceful movement and fine etiquette became hallmarks of the French fencing academies. The French foil was originally crafted as the practice tool for the small-sword and allowed a student to develop the necessary level of sensitivity and ease of manipulation required to handle the small-sword with the same level of elegance as which it was designed.
Instruction adheres to the teachings of the French Academy of the 18th century, with particular influence from Le Sieur Wernesson de Liancour (1686), Le Sieur Labat (1690) and Domenico Angelo (1787).
Spanish Small-Sword (Espadin)
Firmly rooted in 17th Century Spanish rapier fencing (La Verdadera Destreza), this system of small-sword includes features of the French and Italian schools. All of this is systematized into a doctrine that is predominantly Spanish applied to what is in essence a smaller, shorter and lighter rapier. One unique aspect of this system is that unlike French small-swords, it includes all of the cutting techniques of the earlier 17th century rapier.
The system of Spanish small-sword (espadin) taught is based on the mixed doctrine of Don Manuel Antonio De Brea (1805).
Late Italian Rapier (Spada de Duello)
The contemporary Italian weapon to the French small-sword was a cup-hilt rapier of reduced size as compared to those used in earlier periods, still termed, simply, the spada. The Italian spada was used well into the nineteenth century. The development of this weapon and the manner of its use reflects an evolution of the systems of the 17th century rapier suited to this particular weapon and its social-cultural environment. The instruction is based on the teachings of Rasaroll Scorza & Pietro Grisetti (1803).
*Prerequisites: Foil


The rapier, an English term adopted for a popular Continental European sword of the High Renaissance, was considered to be an essential part of a Gentleman’s attire. Not only did it aid in his defense, but it was also viewed as the weapon most properly worn at the side of the “better sorts” such as noblemen, gentlemen, knights and soldiers.
Spanish Rapier (Espada Ropera)
Don Jeronimo de Carranza founded the system and school of Spanish rapier known as La Verdadera Destreza, in the late 16th century. Unlike other schools that existed during that time there were no guard positions. Rather the Spanish school utilized one single stance/posture. The swordsman assumes an upright, semi-profiled posture with the heels slightly apart. The arm is extended straight forward at shoulder level holding the sword with its blade parallel to the ground menacing the adversary. All combat takes place within an imaginary circle on the ground. The footwork is circular, angular and linear. Although utilizing a solid foundation on essentially simple technical manipulation of the sword, the approach is more conceptual and theoretical than other schools.
Our teaching methodology comes from Meastro Ramón Martinez and is supplemented by the writings of earlier Spanish fencing masters: Don Jeronimo de Carranza (1569), Don Luis Pacheco de Narvaez (1600), Don Francisco Antonio De Ettenhard (1675,1697) and Don Francisco Lorenz de Rada (1705).
Salle students having gained a competency with the single rapier will also train with the rapier’s companion weapons, dagger and cloak.
Italian rapier (Spada)
Our Italian rapier focuses on the scientific swordplay of the 17th Century Italy. While there existed many regional variations, there were enough similarities to view Italian rapier as a cohesive school of fencing. 
The system of Italian rapier taught is based on the teachings of Nicoletto Giganti (1606), Ridolfo Capo Ferro (1610), Francesco Alfieri (1640), Giuseppe Morsicato Pallavicini (1673) and Francesco Antonio Marcelli (1686).
Salle students having gained a competency with the single rapier will also train with the rapier’s companion weapons, dagger and cloak.
Traditional rapier
Traditional rapier fencing is a school of rapier that has been passed down from master to student within our lineage. It is a mixed doctrine containing elements of the French, Italian and Spanish schools of fencing. The rapier used is a Spanish type cup-hilt rapier that is shorter and lighter than those of the earlier periods. The dagger is also of the Spanish shell-guard type with a somewhat long blade. The emphasis is on sophisticated combinations of blade actions along with both circular and linear footwork.
Instruction in Traditional rapier includes the use of dagger and cloak.
*Prerequisites: Foil



Dagger (Poignard)

The poignard or French dagger is a traditional system that has been passed down from master to student. Firmly grounded in the French school, it is a system that includes thrust and cut techniques, but places an emphasis on thrusting. It utilizes both linear and circular footwork.
The type of dagger utilized is the fencing dagger that was developed in France during the late 19th and early 20th Centuries to be employed in the training and practice of dagger fencing, along with sword & dagger fencing. It is constructed with a short straight wooden grip, thumb pad and a shell guard without a crossbar and a thin straight flexible blade approximately seventeen inches long with a rolled point.
*Prerequisites: French Foil & Sabre


The longsword was used in both warfare and in duels prior to the 1600’s and was retained for a considerable time after in some fencing schools as an important teaching tool. The longsword is a versatile weapon which can be used with one or both hands and is designed to deliver cuts or thrusts. The use on one’s second hand on the grip of the weapon allows for considerable leverage in both offense and defense. 
In conjunction with the study of longsword, students will also practice dusack, spear, halberd and dagger. As students advance in competency, they will practice techniques that emphasize binds, blade seizures, disarms and a modicum of in-fighting.
Instruction of the medieval techniques is based upon Joachim Meyer’s treatise of 1570, Kunst des Fechtens and our knowledge of fencing science. It is also supplemented by additional German and Italian sources. 
*Prerequisites: Foil or Cane


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